“Harissa is a North African hot red sauce or paste made from chili peppers (often smoked or dried) and garlic, often with coriander and caraway or cumin and served with olive oil…
Harissa is used both as a condiment and as an ingredient in recipes. It has been described as an important item in Tunisian cuisine. Harissa is also used in a few recipes of other North African cuisines, namely Morocco, Algeria and Libya…
In Tunisia, harissa is served at virtually every meal as part of an appetizer along with olives and tuna. It is also used as an ingredient in a meat (goat or lamb) or fish stew with vegetables. Harissa is also used to flavour the sauce for couscous… In Saharan regions, harissa can have a smoky flavor.” – lebanese recipes
3 ounces mild and hot chilies (combine ancho, New Mexican, and guajillo chiles)
1 clove garlic crushed with 1/4 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon coriander — ground
1 teaspoon caraway seed — ground
1 red bell pepper — roasted
1 teaspoon fine sea salt
Stem, seed, and break up chilies. Place in a bowl and pour over boiling water. Cover and let stand 30 minutes. Drain; wrap in cheese cloth and press out excess moisture. Do the same for the red bell pepper.
Grind chilies in food processor with garlic, spices, red bell pepper, and salt. Add enough oil to make a thick paste.
Pack the mixture in a small dry jar; cover the harissa with a thin layer of oil, cover with a lid and keep refrigerated. Will keep 2 to 3 weeks in the refrigerator with a thin layer of oil.
Serve at the table as an accompaniment to meat or fish, the heighten the flavor of salads, or as an accompaniment to Tunisian couscous:
Combine 4 teaspoons harissa paste, 4 teaspoons water, 2 teaspoon olive oil, and 1 or 2 teaspoons fresh lemon juice in a small bowl and blend well makes 1/4 cup.
from lebanese recipes